Types of Anxiety Disorders and How to Prevent Them

Mental illness has been experienced by a lot of people in the world today. This condition affects a person’s feeling, thinking, and behavior. It can make someone’s life miserable and prevent us from doing everyday activities. Mental illness has a lot of types and it varies according to its symptoms. But, one of the most common forms of mental illness is Anxiety Disorders.

What exactly are Anxiety Disorders?

Each of us experiences anxiety and worries from time to time. For instance, delivering a speech in public or sharing our opinions in class discussions can make us feel anxious but at the same time also creates a positive effect in us as we will be more motivated to do well and practice more. However, when worry and fear become intense and overwhelming which then hampers us from carrying on with our normal life; an anxiety disorder may be the cause of it.

Here are some of the most common types of Anxiety:

Panic Disorder

People who have panic disorder feel the sudden terror that is recurring. During a panic attack, a person may experience physical symptoms such as dizziness, chest pain, irregular palpitations, and shortness of breath. They may also feel like choking and think they are having a heart attack.

Social Anxiety

Social Anxiety is characterized by extreme fear of social interaction. People who experience this disorder don’t want to take part in any group activities that obliged them to share their opinions, make small talk or engage in a conversation. They prefer to isolate themselves from everyone as they feel safer and more relaxed if they have less contact with others. Also, they feel extremely worried about being judged, criticized or ridiculed even doing normal things like eating in public. Some of the symptoms they usually experience include stammering when speaking, excessive perspiration, trembling or blushing.

General Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Stressful situations like taking part in job interviews, taking exams, attending competitions and speaking in public surely cause us to worry and feel anxious. These are just normal feelings we experience when we encounter these situations. However, General Anxiety Disorder is different from being anxious due to a specific stressful situation. GAD causes people to worry, overthink, and get anxious most of the time even when there’s really nothing to worry about. This feeling certainly affects how they deal and face daily activities normally.


We all tend to avoid things or situations that can pose threat to our safety or make us feel uncomfortable. People who have specific phobias usually show intense fear of specific objects, situations, or certain places like snakes, being in enclosed places, flying or heights. Their fears are usually irrational and exaggerated. No matter how hard they try to control such reaction, they still won’t be able to do it because such reactions happen automatically and uncontrollably. People with specific phobias have also a high risk of developing panic attack where they could experience trembling, pounding heart, perspiration, choking etc.

There are several causes which trigger a person to develop an anxiety disorder. Research shows that anxiety has something to do with the genes. Such disorders run in families due to a genetic predisposition. Some families have a higher than average amount of anxiety disorders among relatives. Environmental stresses such as the death of a loved one, physical abuse, or prolonged illness also contribute to the development of anxiety. Changes in a person’s brain are also often linked to having anxiety.


Everyone wants to be always healthy not just physically but also emotionally and mentally. Wouldn’t it be amazing to live a life where we can do and act things normally without worrying and getting anxious all the time?

Since our environment is always changing, there is always a possibility for us to get these anxiety disorders.  To prevent this from happening, we should start taking steps to control stress, boost low self-esteem and keep symptoms under control. You can also follow these tips:

  • When you realize you are showing symptoms of anxiety disorder, make sure to consult your doctor right away so he can help you prevent them from getting worse.
  • Talk to your family and friends about your problem so they can help you get through with it and watch for warning signs.  Do not face your problems alone when you feel it’s already too heavy for you to carry.
  • Do not neglect regular checkups. You may be having a new health issue that can trigger symptoms.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle.  Sleep well, eat healthy food and exercise regularly. Unhealthy lifestyle is one of the major causes of developing anxiety. It makes you get sick and eventually leads to a mental health problem.
  • Do not wait for the symptoms to get worse as the conditions become harder to treat. When you’re clearly showing symptoms, consult your doctor.
  • Avoid negative thoughts. Be optimistic and happy.

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