Skin is the largest organ of the body and serves as a protection. It is therefore vital to keep skin healthy by following proper skin care. A carefully formulated skin care routine must be followed consistently in order to keep skin younger and glowing. These are the basic steps in skin care regimen which should be followed daily.
Cleansing is the primary step in daily skin care regime. The process takes away oil, impurities and prepares skin toner and moisturizer. Choose a cleanser that does not strip off natural oils and gently maintains the skin pH balance. Cleanse the skin twice a day, in the morning and in the evening. Use an oil cleanser to remove heavy makeup then, use a foam based cleanser.
Toning unclogs pores by removing oil, dirt, and impurities left after cleansing. Makeup residue, pollution, and sweat from skin might not be totally eliminated by cleansing alone. When pores are cleaned, they shrink in size that makes the skin cleaner and softer. The purpose of toning is to restore the skin pH level. It removes dead skin cells and helps in faster regeneration of new and healthy skin cells. Most skin troubles are caused due to the accumulation of dead skin cells, oil (sebum) and bacteria. By toning skin regularly, you can keep nasty pimples, wrinkles, and dull skin at bay. When you moisturize after toning, the nourishing effects of nutrients increase as the moisturizer penetrates deeper into the skin. Toner also preps your skin for makeup application. The makeup stays long, ensures smoothness, and looks even toned.
All types of skin require moisturizing to keep them hydrated. Moisturizing the skin prevents flaking and dullness. Gel, water, and oxygen based moisturizers are appropriate for oil and acne-prone skin. For dry skin, however, use cream based lightweight non-pore clogging moisturizers. Your moisturizer must contain any of these vitamins (A, B, C or E), minerals (such as sulfur, copper, magnesium, and selenium), anti-oxidants, and amino acids, which soothe, nourish, replenish, and hydrate the skin. Apply the moisturizer twice a day after using your toner. The toner should absorb into the skin for a minute or two. Apply the moisturizer in upward circular motions to enhance blood circulation.
Too much exposure to the sun has harmful effects. The UV rays from the sun penetrate through the skin and damage its elasticity making it susceptible to various skin ailments. On a severe level UV rays cause skin cancer so it is highly advisable to use SPF 30+ sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB radiation. Apply liberally to your face, ears, neck, chest, arms, and any area that is exposed to the sun. The best sunscreen must contain zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. Choose lightweight fragrance-free, alcohol-free, and non-comedogenic (do not clog pores) sunscreen. For your lips, use an SPF lip balm, too.
Some sunscreen products may contain PABA (Para-aminobenzoic acid) which can cause allergy to an acne prone-sensitive skin. So watch out for products that contain PABA and oxybenzone or cinnamates as they can irritate the skin. Wear good quality sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV rays. Protect your hair too from sun damage by wearing a hat or scarf. During the day, apply sunscreen liberally after 10-15 minutes of applying moisturizer. Our skin needs some time to absorb ingredients so try to wear sunscreen half an hour before stepping out in the sun.
Exfoliation is the removal of dead skin cells on the outermost surface of the skin. Most people believe exfoliating means using products that contain mini crystals or brushes and tiny needles. The truth is these things are very harsh for acne prone skin and can further damage it by spreading bacteria. Mild cleansers with salicylic acid or retinoid (derived from vitamin A) can exfoliate the skin gently if applied once or three times a week. You can also go for clay, mud or fruit-based masks. Avoid alcohol-based products.
A serum is an active ingredient which is highly concentrated in nutrients that is why a little drop of it is used for the entire face. It is also a lightweight moisturizer that penetrates deeper into the skin.
Serums are specialized for different skin conditions. Choose mindfully what your requirements are out of a serum, which can be anti-aging, to reduce blemishes, for puffy eyes or for skin firming.
For dark circles and under eye wrinkles a nutrient-rich eye cream can be used. Both serum and eye cream are applied before using any moisturizer.
Face masks are another skin care treatment. Choose the appropriate face mask to hydrate your skin and help improve your skin tone. Use a nutrient-rich face mask twice a week for 30 minutes for extra skin nourishment. A good mask must have all essential nutrients suitable for your skin type. For natural face mask, use fruit pulps or mud mask mixed with vitamin oils, egg white, honey, rose water, green tea, glycerin, yogurt, or turmeric.